Teeth whitening is amongst one of the most popular procedures in dentistry. Teeth whitening makes teeth appear whiter, stain-free and makes the smile more aesthetically pleasing.
There is a wide range of home-based teeth whitening products like teeth cleaning kit,toothpastes, films, and gels. Teeth whitening performed by dentist consists of bleaching agents. But these bleaching agents are high in chemical composition and need to be applied carefully by a dentist.
How Does Teeth Whitening Work?
The active component in most of the chemical teeth whitening products is composed of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which is released in the form of hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. Carbamide peroxide is a stable compound which disintegrates when contacted with water and releases hydrogen peroxide. Bleaching is a chemical process which removes chromogens responsible for tooth staining. Chromogens either accumulate superficially on the tooth structure causing extrinsic stains or slowly settle under the teeth leading to internal or intrinsic stains. Broadly, chromogens are classified into two groups:
- Chromogens which are composed of large organic compounds and contain conjugated double bonds
- Chromogens which are primarily composed of metal compounds
Tooth bleaching of chromogens, which are primarily composed of organic compounds, involves the dissolution of double bonds present in the organic chromogens. It has been observed that bleaching chromogens which are metallic in nature are tougher when compared to bleaching the organic chromogens.
Other options that are available to bleach metallic chromogens include tooth veneers or crowns. There is a wide range of teeth whitening products available to remove the stains. Selection of the whitening product usually depends upon the type of stain requiring the removal. However, broadly they are classified as:
- Cleansers like certain toothpastes which are chiefly composed of detergents and abrasives which help in the removal of chromogens from the tooth surfaces
- Bleaching agents which undergo a reaction with chromogens and lighten the color of discolored teeth
- Products which have both cleansing and bleaching reaction.
Home-based whitening kits are primarily suitable to lighten the milder stains, whereas harder stains are usually treated by a dentist. Treatment of end-point for teeth whitening depends on the time for which the bleaching agent is exposed and the extent of its concentration.
According to the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, teeth whitening agents that can be used at home are:
Teeth Cleaning Kit
This tools composed of melamine foam and pp stick. The melamine foam interior nano capillary tube, each particle much smaller than one ten thousandth of hair, much more tiny than the toothpaste molecules, absorb stains from the micro grain of tooth . A recommended usage makes the teeth appear 1-2 shades lighter in just 3 minutes a day for 7 treatment.
Over the Counter Whitening Strips and Gels
Whitening Strips are plastic strips which are fabricated in a way that they appropriately fit in the buccal or outer visible portions of the teeth. They slowly release peroxide gel which aid in teeth whitening. They are recommended for self-application and can be applied for a span of 30 minutes for 2 weeks. Whitening gels contain peroxide and can be applied on the tooth surface with the help of a brush and are usually instructed to be self-applied two times a day. Strips and gels also make the teeth appear one to two shades lighter.
Tray-Based Teeth Whiteners
These trays can be both self applied or professionally by a dentist. A well fitted tray containing carbamide peroxide-bleaching gel can be applied for 2 to 4 hours during the day time or while sleeping over the night. This type of tooth lightening product also makes the teeth appear 1-2 shades lighter.
Adverse Effects of Teeth Whitening
Adverse Effects of Teeth Whitening
At home teeth whitening procedures are generally safe for use; however, they do pose some adverse effects if they are not judiciously or cautiously used.
Here is a list of few adverse effects of teeth whitening products if they are not applied correctly:
Teeth become sensitive after a prolonged usage
Periodontal problems like mild gingival irritation
Loss of mineral content of teeth
Increased risk for demineralization of teeth
Damage to the pulp of the teeth
Safe Teeth Whitening
Teeth cleaning kit works based on pure physical absorption principle. By using the 4th compressed nano technology, the melamine sponge forms into thousands of nano capillaries after sponge moisturized. The nano capillaries come into special 3D structure and have super strong absorption capacity, they make the sponge automatically absorb stubborn teeth stains from teeth surfaces. No chemical used, No hurt enamel. Eco-friendly.
So the product clean teeth completely works by the Physical Absorption Principle above, it doesn’t hurt enamel. This makes the Magic Teeth Cleaning Kit completely different from other teeth cleaning products on the markets.